Recently, Illinois and Missouri have been lobbying to allow cameras in nursing home resident's bedrooms. The proponents of these efforts insist that the use of these cameras would make nursing home faculty more conscious of their behavior and reduce abuse. However, there are significant concerns that are preventing the legislation from moving forward.
Legal barriers such as HIPPA and wiretapping laws will need to be considered before the legislation can pass. HIPPA, which is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, is concerned with protecting the confidentiality of medical providers and of healthcare information. Therefore, recording behavior could pose a possible violation of HIPPA. CBS reports that consent will be the "key legal question in any legislation allowing video cameras". It is likely that in order for this legislation to pass in Illinois and Missouri, the law will have similar provisions to those in Texas.
Texas does allow the use of "hidden cameras" in nursing home bedrooms, so long as proper procedures are followed beforehand. The procedures include informing the nursing home of the use of cameras and posting a note on the door that discloses that the room is being electronically monitored.
The full article is available here: http://stlouis.cbslocal.com/2015/03/09/hipaa-wiretapping-laws-pose-legal-questions-for-granny-cams/